Mt. Washington is located in the White Mountain National Forest in
southern Coos County, New Hampshire. At 6, 288 feet tall, it is the
highest peak in the Eastern United States.
Mt. Washington is known for its brutal weather. The average annual
temperature at the peak is 26.5 °F. The record low temperature for
the peak is -47 °F, the record high is 72°F. On average, 256
inches (21 feet) of snow falls on the mountain each year. Mt.
Washington also experiences extreme winds. Hurricane force winds occur
on the peak on a regular basis. The highest wind speed ever recorded on
Earth, 231 mph, occurred on Mt. Washington on April 12, 1934.
These extremes in weather make Mt. Washington an ideal place to study
weather. The Mount
Washington Observatory monitors and studies the weather and the
environment of Mt. Washington.
Mountains in Art
Bierstadt was born in Solingen
Germany. His family immigrated to New Bedford, Massachusetts in 1831.
In 1853 Bierstadt returned to Germany to study art at the
Düsseldorf Art Academy. In 1858 he joined an expedition to survey
a wagon road from Fort Laramie, Wyoming, to the Pacific. The landscapes
he made of the Rocky Mountains received great praise and he returned to
the west to paint in 1863, 1866 and 1872. While best known for his
western landscapes, Bierstadt also painted landscapes of the White
Mountains in New Hampshire.
Gallery of Art